Geography of Polar regions

Lectures provide basic information about physical geographic conditions of the Arctic and Antarctic, history of discovery and colonization of these regions. The course also includes assessing the significance of the Polar Regions in context of atmospheric circulation, energy exchange, circulation in the Southern Ocean, cryosphere, biota and its sensitivity to global changes. Lectures are an integral part of information on current trends in polar research, development of tourism and its potential impacts, protection of natural resources and polar ecosystems.

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Polar Ecology

Polar ecosystems are comparatively simple from point of view of their internal structure. On the other hand they exist as a result of long development whose effect is perfect adaptation of their biotic component to the extremal living conditions. It enables their existence on the bounds of energy, climate and food requirement. Polar ecosystems were form under influence of specific astronomic, geographical, oceanographic, atmospheric and geochemical factors. They have influenced their inanimate components (georelief and its substratum, atmosphere, hydrosphere, kryosphere, pedosphere) and subsequently biosphere. Nevertheless, arised ecosystems impact backward as a complex the whole planet - notably from the energetic point of view. Its reflexion is first of all global change of ocean water, global climate and consequently complicated cascade of processes, which form the development of shape of Earth surface and development of the biosphere.

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Plant Polar Biology

At the end of the course, a student should understand:
(1) backgroung and principles of structure and function of polar vegetation oases, critical environmental farctors inpolar regions, acclimation and adaptation strategies of plants to extreme polar environments
(2) basics of field work in plar regions, polar expedition scheduling and organization
(3) based on case studies analsis, he/she should be able to point out critical points of plant studies in polar regions

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Polar Ecology Course

CPE ensures the course entitled "Polar ecology course" consisting of both biological section and Earth sciences section. The course itself consists of 1 week intensive theoretical preparation in respective fields of interest and then especially 10 days field work on the station in Svalbard.

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Fig. 1. Czech station in Petunia bukta, Svalbard.


Fig. 2. Field work in Svalbard – Installation of bamboo sticks for the measurement of ice mass balance, Bertilbreen, Svalbard.